We are still working on the Porphryio situation so happy to hear from people with photographs and especially tissue samples that could help us piece together the this dynamic story. He is a writer and communicator whose day jobs have taken him to six continents and more than 25 countries, including Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Kenya, and Cameroon. The Purple Swamphen is a large rail. Here’s hoping that this remarkably successful and adaptable group of birds someday gets the greater recognition and understanding it deserves. Porphyrio [poliocephalus, melanotus or indicus], Porphyrio [madagascariensis x poliocephalus]. “The oldest split among the currently recognized P. porphyrio lineage occurred in the Late Miocene (~6 mya),” the authors write. Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept: Species status: Australasian Swamphen (Porphyrio melanotus) in Papua New Guinea by David J. Ringer. There is still some uncertainty on this point, but the Florida population seems to be made up of birds now known as Grey-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus) and the international eBird database refers to them by that name. In 2013, the American Birding Association Checklist Committee added Purple Swamphen to the ABA list, following a decision by the Florida Ornithological Society Records Committee to consider the bird established in Florida. Most of the Purple Swamphens in Florida are believed to belong to the gray-headed subspecies (P. p. poliocephalus), although some have brilliant blue heads and may belong to another race. eBird version 1.54 (v.1) African Swamphen, Porphyrio madagascariensis in South Africa by Derek Keats. IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1 (v.1) He also mentions, however, that the same unpublished study shows female birds in Florida tending to be blue-headed and male birds tending to be gray-headed. There are three subspecies in this group: caspius, seistanicus, poliocephalus — García-Ramírez and Trewick sampled the latter two. full species (sometimes a subspecies), This taxon is considered a subspecies of For such a bulky bird, the Swamphen is an accomplished flier and will readily take to the air to escape danger. When split, they would retain the scientific name Porphyrio porphyrio. David J. Ringer is exploring the world one bird at a time. The Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio is a "swamp hen" in the rail family Rallidae. eBird version 1.53 (v.1) The Philippine birds (photo) have chestnut backs and would be called Porphyrio pulverulentus if split. The Southeast Asian subspecies viridis is usually treated with indicus (e.g., the eBird/Clements checklist puts them in a group as of version 6.9), but as far as I can tell, the new study didn’t sample viridis specifically. (See the white-eye account below for another. Feeds, often clumsily, at muddy water edges, in … Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020) (v.1) The Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio is a "swamp hen" in the rail family Rallidae. Or, they may be determined to be of hybrid origin, which would be an challenging taxonomic situation but perhaps perfectly fitting for such a prolific global innovator. Grey-headed swamphen ( Porphyrio poliocephalus) is a species of swamphen occurring from the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent to southern China and northern Thailand. However the American Ornithologists’ Union, which traditionally holds the authority to name … The IOC World Bird List already recognizes African Swamphen as a separate species and may proceed to split the rest based on this study. Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018) (v.1) A very large bluish-purple gallinule with a red bill and forehead shield and red legs and feet with long toes. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The authors “remain cautious” about this result but suggest that dispersal of this sort is possible. The tail is flicked up often, revealing fluffy white “underpants.” Juveniles are duller than adults and lack the red bill and shield. Learn more about our site, Mike, Corey, or our awesome team of Beat Writers. It is mainly dusky black above, with a broad dark blue collar, and dark blue to purple below. eBird version 2016 (v.1) If a Purple Swamphen split gained traction, which species would end up on the Florida and ABA lists? Avibase taxonomic concepts (current) (v.1) There are more than 20,000 regional checklists in Avibase, offered in 9 different taxonomies, including synonyms more than 175 languages. They also found genetic similarities, however, between specimens from Java and from the Philippines and specimens from New Caledonia and Sulawesi. Dark blackish swamphens occur from eastern Indonesia across Australia, Melanesia, southern Micronesia, and Polynesia as far east as American Samoa, having reached some of these islands only in the last few hundred years and, in the case of New Zealand at least, recolonizing islands previously settled by their cousins. García-Ramírez and Trewick stop short of calling for recognition of six species, noting only that “several IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3 (v.1), Avibase has been visited 312,087,649 times since 24 June 2003. Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017) (v.1) In other words, multiple waves of long-distance dispersal have resulted in the diversity of “Purple Swamphens” and their Pacific Island endemic relatives, with taxa becoming isolated and diversifying in the wake of each successive wave. This chicken-sized bird, with its large feet, bright plumage and red bill and frontal shield is easily-recognisable in its native range. Anyone with any information on this unusual spotting? There are a few ways by which you can help the development of this page, such as joining the Flickr group for photos or providing translations of the site in addition languages. All words, images, and opinions are the property of their respective authors unless stated otherwise. Family:   Rallidae Swamphens were often kept in captivity in ancient Greece and ancient Rome. White-crowned Sparrow, Forest Park, Queens. A common inhabitant of marshy, vegetated freshwater bodies such as swamps, rivers, and lakes; usually in small groups. Nice article and you cut right to the chase; what is a species? Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014) (v.1) Porphyrio [poliocephalus, melanotus or indicus] Sources indicate that these birds typically were western swamphens (originating from the Balearic Islands, among others) or grey-headed swamphens(originating from Turkey), and the two were already d… Also known locally as the Pūkeko, African Purple Swamphen, Purple Moorhen, Purple Gallinule or Purple Coot. Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016) (v.1) There are 13 recognized subspecies of purple swamphen. The Porphyrio gallinules are distributed in the warmer regions of the world. Source: Wikipedia, Order:   Gruiformes IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4 (v.1) TSN: 708098. IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1 (v.1) Genus:   Porphyrio, Short link:   https://avibase.ca/EF0BC7FE, Taxonomic Serial Number: Those birds may eventually be dubbed Gray-headed Swamphen. However the gallinule’s bill is conical with a bright yellow tip, unlike the swamphen’s all-red parrotlike bill, and the gallinule’s legs are bright yellow, unlike the dull-orange legs of the swamphen. Each checklist can be viewed with photos shared by the birding community, and also printed as PDF checklists for field use. The Gray-headed Swamphen ranges from Turkey through India to northern Thailand. Welcome to 10,000 Birds, the world’s favorite birding blog! In Europe, purple swamphens live in the Atlantic and Mediterranean basins where there are suitable lagoons, rivers, and other wetlands. The African Swamphen split off next; it has a green back and a brighter blue face and breast. Their behavior was described in some detail by Aristotle in History of Animals (4th century BC), and they were also mentioned by Aristophanes (5th century BC), Pliny the Elder (1st century BC), Aelian and Athenaeus (2nd to 3rd century AD). eBird version 1.52 (v.1) 1) have grayish (or blue) heads, purple-blue necks and bodies, and blue-green wings; the undersides of their tails are white. Take care, […] The Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) is closely related to the Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus), which is native to Florida and is common at Sweetwater during the spring and summer. Clements, version 2015 (v.1) However the American Ornithologists’ Union, which traditionally holds the authority to name New World birds, still calls it the Purple Swamphen. (Above: Swamphen in Australia by James Niland). MyAvibase allows you to create and manage your own lifelists, and produce useful reports to help you plan your next birding excursion. Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013) (v.1) Enter your login name or your email address and click on Send reminder to receive a reminder by email. Also known locally as the Pūkeko, African Purple Swamphen, Purple Moorhen, Purple Gallinule or Purple Coot. eBird version 2015 (v.1) This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. David © Denis Lepage | Purple Swamphen: Very large, blue-purple rail with a blue-black head, orange-red frontal shield and bill, green-blue back, and broad, blue and turquoise-blue wings. These birds have greenish wing coverts and apparently somewhat variable head color (example of a paler-headed bird).

purple headed swamphen

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